Many of the most common birth injuries come from two conditions: cerebral palsy and Erb's palsy. These two conditions often occur due to complications during delivery. Cerebral palsy can occur before or after delivery, though, too.
While some people may think that cerebral palsy is a birth injury in and of itself, it is actually a generic term covering many disorders that affect a baby's body movements and brain function. It can be caused by a brain injury that occurs when the baby is born or because of a lack of oxygen to the baby's brain during delivery. Some situations that can contribute to or cause cerebral palsy include: